欢迎您,零度科技专业海外服务器租用
公司电话: 24小时电话: 

当前位置:首页>帮助教程>Linux 系统教程

目录导航

网络分析shell脚本(实时流量+连接统计)

香港高防(10G)机房 发布于 2014-09-23  
Linux 系统教程

介绍一个强大的分析网络的shell脚本,此脚本是从EZHTTP拆分出来的,觉得有必要单独介绍下。

脚本运行效果截图:

此脚本包含的功能有:

  1. 实时监控任意网卡的流量
  2. 统计10秒内平均流量
  3. 统计每个端口在10秒内的平均流量,基于客户端和服务端端口统计。可以看出哪些端口占流量比较大,对于web服务器,一般是80端口。其它端口受到攻击时,也有可能其它端口流量比较大。所以此功能可以帮助我们端口流量是否正常。
  4. 统计在10s内占用带宽最大的前10个ip。此项功能可以帮助我们来查出是否有恶意占用带宽的ip。
  5. 统计连接状态。此项功能可以让我们看出哪些连接状态比较大。如果SYN-RECV状态比较多的话,有可以受到半连接攻击。如果ESTABLISED非常大,但通过日志发现没有那么多请求,或者通过tcpdump发现大量ip只建立连接不请求数据的话,可能是受到了全连接攻击,这时候如果你使用的是nginx服务器,可以在配置文件增加listen 80 deferred来防止。
  6. 统计各端口连接状态。当可能受到攻击时,此项功能可以帮助我们发现是哪个端口受到攻击。
  7. 统计端口为80且状态为ESTAB连接数最多的前10个IP。此项功能可以帮助我们来找出创建连接过多的Ip,进而屏蔽。
  8. 统计端口为80且状态为SYN-RECV连接数最多的前10个IP。当受到半连接攻击时,此项功能可以帮助我们找到恶意ip。

用到的网络分析工具:

  1. tcpdump:此脚本用tcpdump来统计基于ip或基于端口的流量。
  2. ss: 此脚本用ss命令来统计连接状态,实际使用发现ss比netstat高效得多。
  3. /proc/net/dev,用来统计指定网卡的流量。

脚本下载地址:https://www.centos.bz/wp-content/uploads/2014/06/network-analysis.sh

下面贴出完整的脚本:

#!/bin/bash
 
#write by zhumaohai(admin#centos.bz)
#author blog: www.centos.bz
 
 
#显示菜单(单选)
display_menu(){
local soft=$1
local prompt="which ${soft} you'd select: "
eval local arr=(\${${soft}_arr[@]})
while true
do
    echo -e "#################### ${soft} setting ####################\n\n"
    for ((i=1;i<=${#arr[@]};i++ )); do echo -e "$i) ${arr[$i-1]}"; done
    echo
    read -p "${prompt}" $soft
    eval local select=\$$soft
    if [ "$select" == "" ] || [ "${arr[$soft-1]}" == ""  ];then
        prompt="input errors,please input a number: "
    else
        eval $soft=${arr[$soft-1]}
        eval echo "your selection: \$$soft"             
        break
    fi
done
}
 
#把带宽bit单位转换为人类可读单位
bit_to_human_readable(){
    #input bit value
    local trafficValue=$1
 
    if [[ ${trafficValue%.*} -gt 922 ]];then
        #conv to Kb
        trafficValue=`awk -v value=$trafficValue 'BEGIN{printf "%0.1f",value/1024}'`
        if [[ ${trafficValue%.*} -gt 922 ]];then
            #conv to Mb
            trafficValue=`awk -v value=$trafficValue 'BEGIN{printf "%0.1f",value/1024}'`
            echo "${trafficValue}Mb"
        else
            echo "${trafficValue}Kb"
        fi
    else
        echo "${trafficValue}b"
    fi
}
 
#判断包管理工具
check_package_manager(){
    local manager=$1
    local systemPackage=''
    if cat /etc/issue | grep -q -E -i "ubuntu|debian";then
        systemPackage='apt'
    elif cat /etc/issue | grep -q -E -i "centos|red hat|redhat";then
        systemPackage='yum'
    elif cat /proc/version | grep -q -E -i "ubuntu|debian";then
        systemPackage='apt'
    elif cat /proc/version | grep -q -E -i "centos|red hat|redhat";then
        systemPackage='yum'
    else
        echo "unkonw"
    fi
 
    if [ "$manager" == "$systemPackage" ];then
        return 0
    else
        return 1
    fi   
}
 
 
#实时流量
realTimeTraffic(){
    local eth=""
    local nic_arr=(`ifconfig | grep -E -o "^[a-z0-9]+" | grep -v "lo" | uniq`)
    local nicLen=${#nic_arr[@]}
    if [[ $nicLen -eq 0 ]]; then
        echo "sorry,I can not detect any network device,please report this issue to author."
        exit 1
    elif [[ $nicLen -eq 1 ]]; then
        eth=$nic_arr
    else
        display_menu nic
        eth=$nic
    fi   
 
    local clear=true
    local eth_in_peak=0
    local eth_out_peak=0
    local eth_in=0
    local eth_out=0
 
    while true;do
        #移动光标到0:0位置
        printf "\033[0;0H"
        #清屏并打印Now Peak
        [[ $clear == true ]] && printf "\033[2J" && echo "$eth--------Now--------Peak-----------"
        traffic_be=(`awk -v eth=$eth -F'[: ]+' '{if ($0 ~eth){print $3,$11}}' /proc/net/dev`)
        sleep 2
        traffic_af=(`awk -v eth=$eth -F'[: ]+' '{if ($0 ~eth){print $3,$11}}' /proc/net/dev`)
        #计算速率
        eth_in=$(( (${traffic_af[0]}-${traffic_be[0]})*8/2 ))
        eth_out=$(( (${traffic_af[1]}-${traffic_be[1]})*8/2 ))
        #计算流量峰值
        [[ $eth_in -gt $eth_in_peak ]] && eth_in_peak=$eth_in
        [[ $eth_out -gt $eth_out_peak ]] && eth_out_peak=$eth_out
        #移动光标到2:1
        printf "\033[2;1H"
        #清除当前行
        printf "\033[K"   
        printf "%-20s %-20s\n" "Receive:  $(bit_to_human_readable $eth_in)" "$(bit_to_human_readable $eth_in_peak)"
        #清除当前行
        printf "\033[K"
        printf "%-20s %-20s\n" "Transmit: $(bit_to_human_readable $eth_out)" "$(bit_to_human_readable $eth_out_peak)"
        [[ $clear == true ]] && clear=false
    done
}
 
#流量和连接概览
trafficAndConnectionOverview(){
    if ! which tcpdump > /dev/null;then
        echo "tcpdump not found,going to install it."
        if check_package_manager apt;then
            apt-get -y install tcpdump
        elif check_package_manager yum;then
            yum -y install tcpdump
        fi
    fi
 
    local reg=""
    local eth=""
    local nic_arr=(`ifconfig | grep -E -o "^[a-z0-9]+" | grep -v "lo" | uniq`)
    local nicLen=${#nic_arr[@]}
    if [[ $nicLen -eq 0 ]]; then
        echo "sorry,I can not detect any network device,please report this issue to author."
        exit 1
    elif [[ $nicLen -eq 1 ]]; then
        eth=$nic_arr
    else
        display_menu nic
        eth=$nic
    fi
 
    echo "please wait for 10s to generate network data..."
    echo
    #当前流量值
    local traffic_be=(`awk -v eth=$eth -F'[: ]+' '{if ($0 ~eth){print $3,$11}}' /proc/net/dev`)
    #tcpdump监听网络
    tcpdump -v -i $eth -tnn > /tmp/tcpdump_temp 2>&1 &
    sleep 10
    clear
    kill `ps aux | grep tcpdump | grep -v grep | awk '{print $2}'`
 
    #10s后流量值
    local traffic_af=(`awk -v eth=$eth -F'[: ]+' '{if ($0 ~eth){print $3,$11}}' /proc/net/dev`)
    #打印10s平均速率
    local eth_in=$(( (${traffic_af[0]}-${traffic_be[0]})*8/10 ))
    local eth_out=$(( (${traffic_af[1]}-${traffic_be[1]})*8/10 ))
    echo -e "\033[32mnetwork device $eth average traffic in 10s: \033[0m"
    echo "$eth Receive: $(bit_to_human_readable $eth_in)/s"
    echo "$eth Transmit: $(bit_to_human_readable $eth_out)/s"
    echo
 
    local regTcpdump=$(ifconfig | grep -A 1 $eth | awk -F'[: ]+' '$0~/inet addr:/{printf $4"|"}' | sed -e 's/|$//' -e 's/^/(/' -e 's/$/)\\\\\.[0-9]+:/')
 
    #新旧版本tcpdump输出格式不一样,分别处理
    if awk '/^IP/{print;exit}' /tmp/tcpdump_temp | grep -q ")$";then
        #处理tcpdump文件
        awk '/^IP/{print;getline;print}' /tmp/tcpdump_temp > /tmp/tcpdump_temp2
    else
        #处理tcpdump文件
        awk '/^IP/{print}' /tmp/tcpdump_temp > /tmp/tcpdump_temp2
        sed -i -r 's#(.*: [0-9]+\))(.*)#\1\n    \2#' /tmp/tcpdump_temp2
    fi
    
    awk '{len=$NF;sub(/\)/,"",len);getline;print $0,len}' /tmp/tcpdump_temp2 > /tmp/tcpdump
 
    #统计每个端口在10s内的平均流量
    echo -e "\033[32maverage traffic in 10s base on server port: \033[0m"
    awk -F'[ .:]+' -v regTcpdump=$regTcpdump '{if ($0 ~ regTcpdump){line="clients > "$8"."$9"."$10"."$11":"$12}else{line=$2"."$3"."$4"."$5":"$6" > clients"};sum[line]+=$NF*8/10}END{for (line in sum){printf "%s %d\n",line,sum[line]}}' /tmp/tcpdump | \
    sort -k 4 -nr | head -n 10 | while read a b c d;do
        echo "$a $b $c $(bit_to_human_readable $d)/s"
    done
    echo -ne "\033[11A"
    echo -ne "\033[50C"
    echo -e "\033[32maverage traffic in 10s base on client port: \033[0m"
    awk -F'[ .:]+' -v regTcpdump=$regTcpdump '{if ($0 ~ regTcpdump){line=$2"."$3"."$4"."$5":"$6" > server"}else{line="server > "$8"."$9"."$10"."$11":"$12};sum[line]+=$NF*8/10}END{for (line in sum){printf "%s %d\n",line,sum[line]}}' /tmp/tcpdump | \
    sort -k 4 -nr | head -n 10 | while read a b c d;do
            echo -ne "\033[50C"
            echo "$a $b $c $(bit_to_human_readable $d)/s"
    done   
        
    echo
 
    #统计在10s内占用带宽最大的前10个ip
    echo -e "\033[32mtop 10 ip average traffic in 10s base on server: \033[0m"
    awk -F'[ .:]+' -v regTcpdump=$regTcpdump '{if ($0 ~ regTcpdump){line=$2"."$3"."$4"."$5" > "$8"."$9"."$10"."$11":"$12}else{line=$2"."$3"."$4"."$5":"$6" > "$8"."$9"."$10"."$11};sum[line]+=$NF*8/10}END{for (line in sum){printf "%s %d\n",line,sum[line]}}' /tmp/tcpdump | \
    sort -k 4 -nr | head -n 10 | while read a b c d;do
        echo "$a $b $c $(bit_to_human_readable $d)/s"
    done
    echo -ne "\033[11A"
    echo -ne "\033[50C"
    echo -e "\033[32mtop 10 ip average traffic in 10s base on client: \033[0m"
    awk -F'[ .:]+' -v regTcpdump=$regTcpdump '{if ($0 ~ regTcpdump){line=$2"."$3"."$4"."$5":"$6" > "$8"."$9"."$10"."$11}else{line=$2"."$3"."$4"."$5" > "$8"."$9"."$10"."$11":"$12};sum[line]+=$NF*8/10}END{for (line in sum){printf "%s %d\n",line,sum[line]}}' /tmp/tcpdump | \
    sort -k 4 -nr | head -n 10 | while read a b c d;do
        echo -ne "\033[50C"
        echo "$a $b $c $(bit_to_human_readable $d)/s"
    done
 
    echo
    #统计连接状态
    local regSS=$(ifconfig | grep -A 1 $eth | awk -F'[: ]+' '$0~/inet addr:/{printf $4"|"}' | sed -e 's/|$//')
    ss -an | grep -v -E "LISTEN|UNCONN" | grep -E "$regSS" > /tmp/ss
    echo -e "\033[32mconnection state count: \033[0m"
    awk 'NR>1{sum[$(NF-4)]+=1}END{for (state in sum){print state,sum[state]}}' /tmp/ss | sort -k 2 -nr
    echo
    #统计各端口连接状态
    echo -e "\033[32mconnection state count by port base on server: \033[0m"
    awk 'NR>1{sum[$(NF-4),$(NF-1)]+=1}END{for (key in sum){split(key,subkey,SUBSEP);print subkey[1],subkey[2],sum[subkey[1],subkey[2]]}}' /tmp/ss | sort -k 3 -nr | head -n 10   
    echo -ne "\033[11A"
    echo -ne "\033[50C"
    echo -e "\033[32mconnection state count by port base on client: \033[0m"
    awk 'NR>1{sum[$(NF-4),$(NF)]+=1}END{for (key in sum){split(key,subkey,SUBSEP);print subkey[1],subkey[2],sum[subkey[1],subkey[2]]}}' /tmp/ss | sort -k 3 -nr | head -n 10 | awk '{print "\033[50C"$0}'   
    echo   
    #统计端口为80且状态为ESTAB连接数最多的前10个IP
    echo -e "\033[32mtop 10 ip ESTAB state count at port 80: \033[0m"
    cat /tmp/ss | grep ESTAB | awk -F'[: ]+' '{sum[$(NF-2)]+=1}END{for (ip in sum){print ip,sum[ip]}}' | sort -k 2 -nr | head -n 10
    echo
    #统计端口为80且状态为SYN-RECV连接数最多的前10个IP
    echo -e "\033[32mtop 10 ip SYN-RECV state count at port 80: \033[0m"
    cat /tmp/ss | grep -E "$regSS" | grep SYN-RECV | awk -F'[: ]+' '{sum[$(NF-2)]+=1}END{for (ip in sum){print ip,sum[ip]}}' | sort -k 2 -nr | head -n 10
}
 
main(){
    while true; do
        echo -e "1) real time traffic.\n2) traffic and connection overview.\n"
        read -p "please input your select(ie 1): " select
        case  $select in
            1) realTimeTraffic;break;;
            2) trafficAndConnectionOverview;break;;
            *) echo "input error,please input a number.";;
        esac
    done   
}
 
main

本文出自零度科技转载请注明出处:http://www.ldisp.com/a/linux/2014/2949.shtml

上一篇:nginx 下载服务器防盗链
下一篇:squid 访问控制,squid访问控制配置

 
了解零度?

零度科技主营全球服务器租用,如果您有服务器租用需求请联系

海外服务器租用

推荐香港、美国、韩国。提供站群服务器、高防服务器租用

海外特价服务器

关注零度特价服务器频道,了解全球特价服务器。

1

业务咨询

    技术服务

      特价活动
        全站搜索
        热门搜索:
        会员
        0通知
        客服
        0特价
        搜索
        TOP
        香港高防服务器,远程桌面,韩国服务器,nginx,反向代理